Before we move into how much Asbestos Exposure causes Mesothelioma… Let’s look into what is Asbestos and what is Mesothelioma.
What are that really? Some kind of serious disease or illness.. now you might have heard a thing or two about those two; maybe while scrolling through the internet, you stumbled upon an educative or health video that talked about them
To simply put it; Asbestos is a naturally occurring fibrous silicate mineral, while the latter is a Cancerous disease that is common, usually affecting the lungs.
What is Asbestos?
Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral composed of heat-resistant fibers. It was used in thousands and thousands of consumer products in the United States before the dangers of asbestos were discovered. Mesothelioma, lung cancer, and other cancers are caused by asbestos. Asbestos is being regulated although rumors say it’s been banned. But it’s been confirmed that the mineral is not banned in US.
Other cancers caused by asbestos include lung cancer, ovarian cancer, and laryngeal cancer. Asbestosis, or lung scarring, may result from exposure of Asbestos.
Asbestosis (also spelled asbesTOEsis) is a chronic lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers. Prolonged exposure to these fibers can cause scarring of lung tissue and shortness of breath.
Asbestosis symptoms can be mild but will be severe as time flies as they typically do not appear for many years after initial exposure..
What is Mesothelioma?
It is a type of cancer that develops in the lining that covers the outside of certain organs in the body. It is usually associated with asbestos exposure.
It is most commonly associated with the lining of the lungs, but it can also affect the lining of the tummy, the heart, or the testicles.
Each year, over 2,700 people in the United Kingdom are diagnosed with the illness. The majority of cases are diagnosed in people aged 75 and up, and men are affected more frequently than women.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for the illness, but treatment can help control the symptoms.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma
The symptoms usually appear gradually over time. They usually do not appear until several decades after asbestos exposure.
Symptoms of the illness in the lung lining include:
shortness of breath
fatigue (extreme tiredness)
a persistent cough
loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss
a high temperature and sweating, particularly at night
clubbed (swollen) fingertips
Symptoms of the illness in the stomach lining include:
stomach pain or swelling, loss of appetite, feeling sick, and massive weight loss diarrhoea or constipation
So now let’s move into;
How Much Asbestos Exposure Causes Mesothelioma?
Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral collection of tiny fibers found in rock and soil in most parts of the world. Scientists have known for decades that exposure to all types of asbestos is the cause of the Illness and other asbestos-related cancers, disease and Illness.
Around 80% of patients had previously been exposed to asbestos fibers and dust. These patients develop the illness tumors after inhaling asbestos fibers, resulting in permanent pain and cell damage.
Asbestos fibers will relocate in various body parts over time, resulting in multiple types of the illness, including pleural and pericardial.
Asbestos is the most significant contributor and well-known cause of the illness’ development.
But does it depend on the person who inhales Asbestos?
According to research, not everyone who is exposed to asbestos fibers will develop mesothelioma. Those who inhale or consume large amounts of asbestos, on the other hand, are at a higher risk of developing mesothelioma and other asbestos-related diseases.
Each individual’s vulnerability is determined by several risk factors, including the length of exposure, the type of asbestos involved, and the amount of exposure.
What causes Mesothelioma?
As said above, the illness is always caused by asbestos exposure, a group of minerals composed of microscopic fibers that was once widely used in construction.
These tiny fibers can easily enter the lungs and become lodged, causing long-term lung damage.
It usually takes a long time for this to cause obvious problems, with mesothelioma developing more than 20 years after asbestos exposure.
How Much Asbestos Exposure Causes Mesothelioma?
According to studies, pleural mesothelioma, the most deadly form of asbestos-related cancer, affects about 2% to 10% of people who are regularly exposed to asbestos. According to most studies, it does not typically manifest until 20 to 50 years after asbestos exposure.
When a previously undetectable tumor develops and spreads to late-stage cancer, the diagnosis is frequently confirmed. In general, any level of asbestos exposure is hazardous.
However, the danger increases significantly with continued exposure over time. Asbestos traces in workers’ clothes, hair, and shoes are similarly lethal to their immediate family members when their loved one returns home from work, spreading asbestos fibers and dust.
So How Long Does It Take to Develop Mesothelioma After Being Exposed to Asbestos?
The first diagnosis of the illness usually occurs two to five decades after the first asbestos exposure. Some patients, however, were diagnosed within the first fifteen years of exposure.
The most advanced forms of the illness typically appear in patients in their 60s or 70s. Stopping asbestos exposure does not necessarily reduce the risk of developing the crippling disease.
How Can Mesothelioma Be Prevented After Asbestos Exposure?
To reduce the risk of developing the illness, medical professionals usually advise avoiding any asbestos exposure. Workers are advised to wear protective clothing and follow safety protocols when handling or avoiding asbestos to reduce the risk of developing an asbestos-related illness.
Employees who work in factories that produce asbestos-containing products should review their safety protocols to avoid bringing released asbestos fibers and dust into the home on their clothing.
Those who have known asbestos exposure should seek medical attention to mitigate any severe health condition that could lead to the illness. Typically, advanced asbestos-related diseases are diagnosed at the last minute, when the condition has already progressed to a life-threatening level.
But is Asbestos the main cause of Mesothelioma?
While asbestos exposure remains a leading cause of the illness, research suggests that radiation treatment for other cancers can trigger mesothelioma that is dormant in the patient’s body and progresses slowly.
According to the American Cancer Society, asbestos exposure accounts for up to 80% of all the illness cases.
The Basics of Mesothelioma
For decades, scientists have known that asbestos exposure can cause the illness, a rare and deadly cancer that affects the heart, abdomen, chest, and lungs.
Every year, thousands of people are diagnosed with the illness, according to data. Other facts about asbestos-related illness include:
The patients’ average life expectancy ranges from 12 to 22 months.
It is common for 20 to 50 years of harm to occur before the first diagnosis.
Asbestos exposure causes the illness cancer.
The illness accounts for approximately 0.3% of all cancer cases.
Testicular, pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal mesothelioma are the four types of the illness.
Pleural mesothelioma affects about 2% to 10% of people who have been exposed to asbestos for an extended period of time.
Types of Mesothelioma
It is classified by medical science based on its location and cell type. Mesothelioma typically begins in the lungs after inhaling asbestos fibers and dust. The deadly disease, however, can also develop in the testicles, heart, and abdomen.
Mesothelioma develops in the pleura, the narrow tissue lining that covers the lungs. Coughing, chest pain, and pleural gush are some of the symptoms.
Every year, approximately 3,000 new cases of malignant pleural mesothelioma are diagnosed by medical professionals.
Inhaling or eating asbestos fibers can lead to peritoneal mesothelioma cancer, which develops in the peritoneum, a thin layer of tissue covering the abdomen. Typically, peritoneal mesothelioma cancer is not diagnosed until decades after the toxic fibers have been consumed.
It is the illness that develops in epithelioid cells accounts for 50% to 70% of all cell types in the debilitating disease, which manifests as weight loss and difficulty breathing (gasping for breath).
Mesothelioma with Two Phases
The sarcomatoid and epithelioid cells are affected by the biphasic form of mesothelioma. Furthermore, biphasic mesothelioma is also known as mixed mesothelioma.
Kinds of Mesothelioma that are extremely rare
Sarcomatoid mesothelioma which affects the sarcomatoid cells
Testicular mesothelioma which develops in the testes
Pericardial mesothelioma which takes place in the heart
Treatment for Mesothelioma
Some patients do not die from the disease. However, medical professionals frequently provide a variety of treatments for patients diagnosed with the disease that are more concerned with comfort than survival.
A five-year survival rate of approximately 20% of all individuals diagnosed with the illness at a localized stage is measured from the initial diagnosis. The various treatments available for the illness at any stage include:
If the patient did not receive early treatment, he or she will require these following;
Surgical removal of the chest lining
Medical trials for immunotherapy
Medical trials for chemotherapyical surgical trials
Medical trials for targeted therapy